Perbandingan Implementasi MBKM pada Bidang Sosial dan Sains

Syafrinaldi Syafrinaldi, Arbi Haza Nasution, Syafhendry Syafhendry

Abstract


Penelitian mengenai implementasi Merdeka Belajar-Kampus Merdeka (MBKM) telah banyak dilakukan. Namun, belum ada penelitian yang secara khusus membandingkan implementasi MBKM di bidang Sosial dan Sains. Jika terdapat perbedaan sigfinikan antara mahasiswa Sosial dan Sains, perguruan tinggi perlu menetapkan strategi khusus untuk masing-masing kedua bidang. Sampel penelitian ini adalah lima perguruan tinggi yang berada di Pekanbaru. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian menggunakan teknik survey dengan instrumen kuesioner. Dari data yang terkumpul, dilakukan analisis deskriptif bagaimana minat, pengetahuan mahasiswa terhadap program MBKM, kesiapan mengikuti MBKM dan persepsi terhadap program-program MBKM. Selain analisis deskriptif terhadap variabel tersebut, dilakukan juga analisis perbandingan impelementasi secara total program MBKM pada mahasiswa bidang bidang Sosial dan Sains. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan signifikan pada variabel pengetahuan, minat, kesiapan dan persepsi mengikuti program MBKM. Hasil ini dibuktikan dari hasil uji perbandingan t-test dengan nilai signifikan sebesar 0.083. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan rujukan untuk perbaikan dan rekomendasi terhadap kebijakan universitas di Pekanbaru, Riau, dan seluruh penjuru Indonesia dimana tidak perlu perlakuan khusus antara bidang Sosial dan Sains dalam implementasi kegiatan MBKM.


Keywords


Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka, Studi Komparasi

References


Aglazor, G. (2017). The role of teaching practice in teacher education programmes: designing framework for best practice. Global Journal of Educational Research, 16(2), 101. https://doi.org/10.4314/gjedr.v16i2.4

Bharvad, A. J. (2010). Curriculum Evaluation. I(12), 2009–2011.

Briggs, C. L. (2007). Curriculum Collaboration: A Key to Continuous Program Renewal. The Journal of Higher Education, 78(6), 676–711. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhe.2007.0036

Brown, K. (2003). From teacher-centered to learner-centered curriculum:improving learning in diverse classrooms. Education, 124(1), 49–54.

Chis, A. E., Moldovan, A. N., Murphy, L., Pathak, P., & Muntean, C. H. (2018). Investigating Flipped Classroom and Problem-based Learning in a programming module for computing conversion course. Educational Technology and Society, 21(4), 232–247.

Cunningham, P. (2002). Progressivism, decentralisation and recentralisation: Local wducation authorities and the primary curriculum, 1902 – 2002. Oxford Review of Education, 28(2 & 3), 217–233. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054980220143388

Edo, M., & Marchionni, M. (2019). The impact of a conditional cash transfer programme on education outcomes beyond school attendance in Argentina. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 11(3), 230–252. https://doi.org/10.1080/19439342.2019.1666898

Fikri, M. A. A., Pramono, T., Nugroho, Y. A., Novitasari, D., & Asbari, M. (2021). Leadership Model in Pesantren: Managing Knowledge Sharing through Psychological Climate. International Journal of Social and Management Studies (IJOSMAS), 02(03), 149–160. https://ijosmas.org/index.php/ijosmas/article/view/44

Flowers, A. A., Carroll, J. P., Green, G. T., & Larson, L. R. (2015). Using art to assess environmental education outcomes. Environmental Education Research, 21(6), 846–864. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2014.959473

Gavareshki, M. N., Haddadian, F., & HassanzadehKalleh, Mc. (2012). The Role of Education, Educational Processes, and Education Culture on the Development of Virtual Learning in Iran. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46(Bruner 1996), 5379–5381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.442

Grant, R. M. (2003). Strategic planning in a turbulent environment: Evidence from the oil majors. Strategic Management Journal, 24(6), 491–517. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.314

Gunartha, I. (2014). Developing a Program Evaluation Model of Early Childhood Education (Ece) Service. Jurnal Penelitian Dan …. http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpep/article/view/2122

Hadi, S., Andrian, D., & Kartowagiran, B. (2019). Evaluation model for evaluating vocational skills programs on local content curriculum in Indonesia: Impact of educational system in Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 2019(82), 45–62. https://doi.org/10.14689/ejer.2019.82.3

Han, H.-J., & Seo, E.-S. (2020). The relationship between participation in educational programs supporting international students in Korea, self-elasticity, and social adaptation. Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 20(5), 570–584.

Hatlevik, O. E., Throndsen, I., Loi, M., & Gudmundsdotti, B. G. (2017). Students’ ICT self-efficacy and computer and information literacy: Determinants and relationships. Computer and Education, 118,(March), 107–119.

Hosp, J. L., Ford, J. W., Huddle, S. M., & Hensley, K. K. (2018). The Importance of Replication in Measurement Research: Using Curriculum-Based Measures With Postsecondary Students With Developmental Disabilities. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 43(2), 96–109. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534508417727489

Kamalia, P., & Andriansyah, E. (2021). Independent Learning-Independent Campus (MBKM) in Students’ Perception. Jurnal Kependidikan: Jurnal Hasil Penelitian dan Kajian Kepustakaan di Bidang Pendidikan, Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran, 7(4), 857-867. doi:https://doi.org/10.33394/jk.v7i4.4031

Kanioglou, A., Tsorbatzoudis, H., & Barkoukis, V. (2005). Socialization and Behavioral Problems of Elementary School Pupils with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 101, 163–173.

Krishnapatria, K. (2021). ELT in Focus. ELT in Focus, 4(1), 857–867.

Krisnanik, E., Saphira, Q., Intan, D., & Indriana, H. (2021). Desain Model MBKM dan Kolaborasi Kerja Sama Model Pentahelix Guna Meningkatkan Daya Saing Lulusan. Konferensi Nasional Ilmu Komputer (KONIK) 2021, 1–5.

McClelland, J. L., McNaughton, B. L., & Lampinen, A. K. (2020). Integration of new information in memory: New insights from a complementary learning systems perspective. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 375(1799), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0637

Mcgaw, B. (2013). Keywords : Curriculum , Australian Curriculum , curriculum development , national. 55(3), 43–52.

McKeown, P. (2008). Information Technology and The Networked Economy. Course Technology.

Meke, K. D. P., Astro, R. B., & Daud, M. H. (2021). Dampak Kebijakan Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka (MBKM) pada Perguruan Tinggi Swasta di Indonesia. Edukatif : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(1), 675–685. https://doi.org/10.31004/edukatif.v4i1.1940

Mølstad, C. E. (2015). State-based curriculum-making: Approaches to local curriculum work in Norway and Finland. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 47(4), 441–461. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220272.2015.1039067

Nugroho, R., Rahma, R. A., & Yulianingsih, W. (2018). Contributing Factors toward the Participation of Education Equality Program Learners,. Journal of Nonformal Education, 4(1), 79–88.

Ottenbreit-Leftwich, A., Liao, J. Y. C., Sadik, O., & Ertmer, P. (2018). Evolution of Teachers’ Technology Integration Knowledge, Beliefs, and Practices: How Can We Support Beginning Teachers Use of Technology? Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 50(4), 282–304. https://doi.org/10.1080/15391523.2018.1487350

Pitalolka, E., & Sofia, I. P. (2014). The affect of work environment, job satisfaction, organization commitment on ocb of internal auditors. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, 5(2), 10–18.

Riyadi, S., Harimurti, R. S., & Ikhsan, J. (2022a). Dampak Implementasi MBKM terhadap Pengembangan Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Menuju Research Excellence University. Edukatif : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(1), 1018–1029. https://doi.org/10.31004/edukatif.v4i1.1991

Riyadi, S., Harimurti, R. S., & Ikhsan, J. (2022b). Dampak Implementasi MBKM Terhadap Pengembangan Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Menuju Research Excellence University. Edukatif : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(1), 1018–1029. https://doi.org/10.31004/edukatif.v4i1.1991

Shannon, R. A., & Yonkaitis, C. F. (2017). The Role of the School Nurse in the Special Education Process: Part 2: Eligibility Determination and the Individualized Education Program. NASN School Nurse (Print), 32(4), 249–254. https://doi.org/10.1177/1942602X17709505

Sharp, W. G., Burrell, T. L., & Jaquess, D. L. (2014). The Autism MEAL Plan: A parent-training curriculum to manage eating aversions and low intake among children with autism. Autism, 18(6), 712–722. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361313489190

Shi, Y., Tong, M., & Long, T. (2021). Investigating relationships among blended synchronous learning environments, students’ motivation, and cognitive engagement: A mixed methods study. Computers & Education, 168, 104193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2021.104193

Siegle, D., Gubbins, E. J., O’Rourke, P., Langley, S. D., Mun, R. U., Luria, S. R., & Plucker, J. A. (2016). Barriers to Underserved Students’ Participation in Gifted Programs and Possible Solutions. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 39(2), 103–131.

Tatminingsih, S. (2020). Teaching Practice Patterns in ECE Teacher Program in Distance Education in Indonesia. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 5(1), 857–868. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v5i1.599

Trevethan, H. (2017). Educative mentors? The role of classroom teachers in initial teacher education. A New Zealand study. Journal of Education for Teaching, 43(2), 219–231. https://doi.org/10.1080/02607476.2017.1286784

Umami, I. (2018). Moderating Influence of Curriculum, Pedagogy, and Assessment Practices on Learning Outcomes in Indonesian Secondary Education Ida Umami 1. 9(1), 60–75.

UNESCO‐UNEVOC. (2006). Participation in Formal Technical and Vocational Education and Training Programmes Worldwide: An Initial Statistical Study. UNESCO‐UNIVOC.

Was, C. A., Woltz, D. J., & Drew, C. (2006). Evaluating character education programs and missing the target: A critique of existing research. Educational Research Review, 1(2), 148–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2006.08.001

Yi, Z., & Dixon, M. R. (2021). Developing and Enhancing Adherence to a Telehealth ABA Parent Training Curriculum for Caregivers of Children with Autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 14(1), 58–74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00464-5

Yuherman, Wahyu Nugroho, & Dessy Sunarsi. (2021). Dampak Kebijakan MBKM pada Kesiapan Sumber Daya Manusiadan Fasilitas Fakultas Hukum Usahid Jakarta. Morality: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum , 7(2), 222–244.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31004/edukatif.v4i6.4142

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Syafrinaldi Syafrinaldi, Arbi Haza Nasution, Syafhendry Syafhendry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.